Skip Navigation LinksOngoingInvestigations

Ongoing Investigations

The Investigation Department

The AIB is mandated under the Saudi Civil Aviation Law, Chapter 8, Article 107, as the sole independent investigation bureau to undertake investigations into accidents and incidents involving civil aircrafts within the territory of the Kingdom, Saudi aircrafts or aircrafts operated by Saudi nationals over the high seas or territories not owned by any country. In addition, all investigations are conducted in accordance with ICAO Annex 13 and AIB regulations. The AIB investigative process looks at three factors—human, machine, and environment—to determine the probable cause(s) of accidents and incidents. This process leverages the skills, talents, and professionalism of the investigation team. The investigation department shares almost 250 years of aviation experience between them from multiple domains and fields of expertise, whom are trained in the use of the latest investigative techniques and tools to find facts, analyze those facts, and determine why and how an accident happened.

Investigation Process

Investigators consider what may have caused or contributed to the circumstances of an occurrence. They look for issues in areas such as technical failures, design, operation, air traffic management, weather, human and organizational factors.

Evidence is gathered through cooperation with pilots, witnesses, law enforcement officials, the regulatory authority, airport officials, industry, and other stakeholders. Investigations try to answer the question of why and how, but focus on the question of what caused the accident, or made it worse. Based on all available evidence, a good investigation tries to identify the factors that are relative, necessary, and in some cases even sufficient to determine the cause that most likely resulted in the accident. It generally takes around a year to produce a final report, which includes a probable cause(s) and/or contributing factors.

Investigation Reports

The purpose of the investigation report is to communicate the circumstances of the incident/accident and their preventative measures to enhance aviation safety. Depending on the occurrence. In conformance with ICAO Annex 13 Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPS), the AIB produces the following types of reports:

·        Full Scope Final Report

A report in the format defined by ICAO Annex 13 and in accordance with the report standards found in ICAO Guidance Material Documents (Doc 9756).


·        Preliminary Reports/ADREP

An initial report based on the available occurrence information serves the purpose of ICAO annex 13 requirement and will be sent within 30 days from the date of the occurrence to all interested parties.


·        Interim Statement/Report

In case of an investigation, where the report finalization exceeds 12 months, an anniversary statement is released in accordance with Standard 6.6 of ICAO Annex 13. Such a report details the progress of the investigation and any safety issues raised.

Additionally, the AIB produces the following reports:

·        Short Report/Limited Scope Report

A short/limited scope report is a focused report usually used for office-based investigations (incidents/serious incidents) where the underlying factors are well known and does not require any further investigation. 


·        Safety Concern Report

A report particularly related to safety issues that need to be addressed immediately.


Final reports will be sent to interested parties in accordance to ICAO annex 13 chapter 6 as identified by the AIB and to agencies that are deemed beneficiary.

Safety Recommendations

The AIB, will issue safety recommendations related to safety issues identified during investigation and address the appropriate authorities, including those in other States, any preventive action that it considers necessary to be taken promptly to enhance aviation safety.

Unless otherwise indicated, recommendations in the reports are addressed to the regulatory authorities of the State having responsibility for the matters with which the recommendations are concerned.  It is for those authorities to decide what action is to be taken.

The sole objective of our investigation is the prevention of incidents and accidents.